Products are transported using commercial vehicles for a variety of reasons. Among these vehicles, trucks are the most popular and can be divided into very heavy, heavy, medium, light, and small ones.

We investigate these commercial vehicles.

Small trucks are vehicles with engines smaller than 1000 cc and that weigh less than 3.5 tonnes. They are also referred to as mini trucks or small commercial vehicles (SCV). The Tata Ace was the pioneer in this market in India. Tata Penguin, Piaggio Ape, Mahindra Maxximo, Mahindra Gio, HM Winner, Ashok Leyland Dost, Force Trump, and other well-known models are among the other popular ones.

Vehicles that weigh less than 6350 kg are classified as light trucks. Less than 1814 kg can be carried by these cars in terms of payload. In addition to being smaller than a medium or large truck, a light truck also has a shorter wheelbase and uses less fuel. Sport utility vehicles, minivans, canopy express, panel wagons, pickup trucks, cab-forward, tow vehicles, sedan delivery, panel vans, and more fall under this category of light vehicles. The majority of businesses favor these cars because they are more affordable and get better gas mileage than more expensive models. The GVWR, or Gross Vehicle Weight Rating, is used to further categorize these vehicles into Class 1, 2, and 3.

Medium Trucks: Class 4, Class 5, and Class 6 are the various weight categories for these vehicles, which range from 6351 to 11793 kg. Ford F-450, Dodge Ram 4500, International TerraStar, GMC 5500, Dodge Ram 5500, International Durastar, GMC Topkick C6500, Ford F-650, and other popular medium-sized vehicles are among the models that are commonly available. Bottlers, delivery carts, and multi-stop carts are all uses for these wagons. The typical designs include box wagons, vans, recreational vehicles, fire trucks, cutaway van chassis, medium duty vehicles, medium standard automobiles, platform carriages, and flatbed wagons.

The weight of heavy trucks ranges from 11794 to 14969 kg. These include vehicles classified as classes 7 and 8. Normal road regulations prohibit the operation of vehicles with GVWRs greater than those of these heavy vehicles. Concrete transport trucks or cement mixers, dump trucks, mobile cranes, garbage trucks, refrigerator trucks, log trucks, tank trucks, and tractor units are examples of common vehicles that fall under this category.

Very Heavy Trucks: Designed primarily for on-site use, these trucks need special licenses and escorts to be driven on public roads. Some of the frequently used extremely heavy vehicles include ballast tractors, haul trucks, and heavy haulers. These vehicles are frequently used for transportation, dumping, towing, and other purposes.

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